More than four out of five entrepreneurs have a written Business Plan for their company
Entrepreneurs believe that a Business Plan is an important tool for raising capital
A majority also use their Business Plan to help them manage and grow their business
A Business Plan must be continually updated as the company evolves
Entrepreneurs struggle with the financial projections
It is difficult for them to decide when the Business Plan is finished
These were the major conclusions from a survey of entrepreneurs conducted by Profit Dynamics Inc., a management consulting firm based in Phoenix, Arizona. The respondents were both established companies and start-up businesses.
More than 83% of those surveyed said they had a Business Plan. Of the percentage who did not have a Plan, the most frequently cited reason was that they did not have the time to write it. Only 3% of the respondents said they did not think they needed to have a Business Plan.
The Business Plan is often viewed as a document prepared when seeking venture capital, and the survey confirmed this, with 63% saying they prepared their plan to show investors. But they clearly also viewed the plan as important as a management tool (53%). In fact, more than one-fourth of those surveyed said they prepared their Plan for both reasons. Forty-four percent said they wrote the Plan to help get their business started, while 15% said they prepared it to obtain a bank loan.
Entrepreneurs were enthusiastic about the process of writing the plan (once they were finished). One said, “I wish I had known before its importance in helping me clarify the many elements of one’s business.” “Writing my Business Plan forced me to look at my business analytically to determine the drivers of my business,” added another respondent. “Not only does it allow us to present the idea in a more informed way when raising capital, but it serves as a guide for all upper management to understand the business’ direction.”
Nearly 30% of the entrepreneurs who responded used a software program to help them complete portions of the plan. When asked how useful the software was, opinions varied widely from being not helpful at all to being a tremendous help. Overall, the respondents said the software was somewhat useful, the average response being 3.4 on a scale from 1-5 (5 indicating the software was very helpful).
Comments varied widely, too. “Most of the spreadsheet tools were inadequate because they used only one method at a time for projecting revenues and expenses. I have created my own spreadsheets that I can manipulate better as various areas of future growth change.”
One entrepreneur was even more emphatic that software is no substitute for thinking. “Software assistance? Most people have become too lazy to write anything; all they want to do is click on a predefined answer. Write it, write it, write it, and think it through each time.”
When asked what the most difficult part of completing a Plan was, doing the financial projections and deciding when the Plan is finished were the most popular responses. Interestingly, among those who used business plan software, the projections were still cited as the most difficult part of the Plan, even though most of these programs include spreadsheet formats to simplify building the financial models. The software users also said that analyzing their competition was a difficult part of writing a Business Plan; this requires research specific to their industry that cannot be provided in a software program.
Whether the entrepreneurs used software or not, the Plan is clearly a challenging document to write. As one put it, “Our business plan took over 120 man hours and an additional 40 hours to do the projections (for the first draft only).” Another said, “I have been working on my business plan for the past 2 years, refining it to reflect the impact of new technology.”
One entrepreneur cautioned against taking shortcuts, and advised taking the time to write a thorough Plan. “I received lots of advice that venture capitalists now want only the ‘one-page’ Business Plan. Don’t believe it. You need the full-blown, fully edited version.”
Among all respondents, the most difficult parts were:
38% Coming up with the projections
26% Deciding when it was finished
18% Competition analysis
17% Marketing strategies
16% Just getting it started
13% Defining the market
Not knowing when it is finished comes from the nature of emerging businesses: they continually evolve and the Plan must change along with it. “Our market/industry is moving so fast that it is difficult to keep the plan current as a tool for funding and management at the same time,” one person said.
Another factor is that some entrepreneurs have a fear of being rejected by investors, so they continually revise their plans in order to make them “perfect” before sending the Plans out.
As one respondent said, “A plan has to be a work in progress, as we move along due to the nature of our medium, the Internet.” Another said, “To me it is an evolving process. Our first version was so-so, the second was much better and we are now into the start of our third version.”
“Building a business and raising capital at the same time is a magic act,” a respondent succinctly put it.
Author: Brian Hill
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